Title: Spatio-Temporal Variation Characteristics of Aboveground Biomass in the Headwater of the Yellow River Based on Machine Learning
Authors: Rong Tang, Yuting Zhao, Huilong Lin*
Journal: Remote Sensing
Impact factor: IF2020=4.848
Abstract: Accurate estimation of the aboveground biomass (AGB) of grassland is a key link in understanding the regional carbon cycle. We used 501 aboveground measurements, 29 environmental variables, and machine learning algorithms to construct and verify a custom model of grassland biomass in the Headwater of the Yellow River (HYR) and selected the random forest model to analyze the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics and dynamic trends of the biomass in the HYR from 2001 to 2020. The research results show that: (1) the random forest model is superior to the other three models (R2val = 0.56, RMSEval = 51.3 g/m2); (2) the aboveground biomass in the HYR decreases spatially from southeast to northwest, and the annual average value and total values are 176.8 g/m2 and 20.73 Tg, respectively; (3) 69.51% of the area has shown an increasing trend and 30.14% of the area showed a downward trend, mainly concentrated in the southeast of Hongyuan County, the northeast of Aba County, and the north of Qumalai County. The research results can provide accurate spatial data and scientific basis for the protection of grassland resources in the HYR.