Authors: Kanzana, Gisele; Zhang, Yufei; Ma, Tiantian; Liu, Wenxian; Wu, Fan; Yan, Qi; Min, Xueyang; Yan, Zhuanzhuan; Muvunyi, Blaise Pascal; Li, Jie; Zhang, Zhengshe; Zhao, Yufeng; Zhang, Jiyu
Journal: JOURNAL OF APPLIED GENETICS
Impact Factor: IF2019= 1.655 (生物4区)
Abstract: Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers are commonly used for many genetic applications, such as map construction, fingerprinting, and genetic diversity analyses, due to their high reproducibility, polymorphism, and abundance. Endogenous miRNAs play essential roles in plant development and gene expression under diverse biotic and abiotic stress conditions. In the present study, we predicted 110 miRNA-SSR primer pairs from 287 precursor miRNAs. Among 110 primer pairs, 85 were successfully amplified and examined for transferability to other Gramineae and non-Gramineae species. The results showed that all 82 primer pairs yielded unambiguous and strong amplification, and across the 23 studied Cleistogenes accessions, a total of 385 alleles were polymorphic. The number of alleles produced per primer varied from 3 to 11, with an average of 4.69 per locus. The expected heterozygosity (He) ranged from 0.44 to 0.88, with an average of 0.74 per locus, and the PIC (Polymorphism Information Content) values ranged from 0.34 to 0.87, with an average of 0.69 per locus. Furthermore, 1422 miRNA target genes were predicted and analyzed using the GO (Gene Ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) databases. In conclusion, the results showed that an miRNA-based microsatellite marker system can be applicable for genetic diversity and marker-assisted breeding studies.