Title: Advances in Research on Epichlo? endophytes in Chinese Native Grasses
Author: Song Hui, Nan Zhibiao *, Song Qiuyan, Xia Chao, Li Xiuzhang, Yao Xiang, Xu Wenbo, Kuang Yu, Tian Pei, and Zhang Qingping
Journal: Frontiers in Microbiology
Impact Factor:IF2016=4.076 (生物二区)
Abstract：Epichlo? fungal endophytes are broadly found in cool-season grasses. The symbiosis between these grasses and Epichlo? may improve the abiotic and biotic resistance of the grass plant, but some Epichlo? species produce alkaloids that are toxic for livestock. Therefore, it is important to understand the characteristics of the grass-Epichlo? s symbiosis so that the beneficial aspects can be preserved and the toxic effects to livestock can be avoided. Since the 1990s, Chinese researchers have conducted a series of studies on grass-Epichlo? symbiosis. In this review, we describe the current state of Epichlo? endophyte research in Chinese native grasses. We found that more than 77 species of native grasses in China are associated with Epichlo? endophytes. In addition, we review the effects of various Epichlo? species on native grass responses to abiotic and biotic stress, phylogeny, and alkaloid production. We provide an overview of the study of Epichlo? species on native grasses in China and directions for future research.