Transcriptome profiling of Elymus sibiricus, an important forage grass in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, reveals novel insights into candidate genes that potentially connected to seed shattering

【来源:草地农业科技学院 | 发布日期:2017-04-24 | 作者:办公室 】    

Title: Transcriptome profiling of Elymus sibiricus, an important forage grass in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, reveals novel insights into candidate genes that potentially connected to seed shattering

Author: Wengang Xie*?, Junchao Zhang?, Xuhong Zhao, Zongyu Zhang, Yanrong Wang*

Journal: BMC Plant Biology

Impact factor: 3.631 (生物二区)

AbstractElymus sibiricus is an important forage grass in semi-arid regions, but it is difficult to grow for commercial seed production due to high seed shattering. To better understand the underlying mechanism and explore the putative genes related to seed shattering, we conducted a combination of morphological, histological, physiochemical and transcriptome analysis on two E. sibiricus genotypes (XH09 and ZhN03) that have contrasting seed shattering. The results show that seed shattering is generally caused by a degradation of the abscission layer. Early degradation of abscission layers was associated with the increased seed shattering in high seed shattering genotype XH09. Two cell wall degrading enzymes, cellulase and polygalacturonase, had different activity in the abscission zone, indicating their roles in differentiation of abscission layer. Eighteen cDNA libraries from abscission zone tissue of XH09 and ZhN03 at 7 days, 21 days and 28 days after heading were constructed and sequenced. A total of 86,634 unigenes were annotated and 7,110 differentially expressed transcripts (DETs) were predicted from “XH09-7 vs ZhN03-7”, “XH09-21 vs ZhN03-21” and “XH09-28 vs ZhN03-28”, corresponding to 2,058 up-regulated and 5,052 down-regulated unigenes. The expression profiles of 10 candidate transcripts involved in cell wall-degrading enzymes, lignin biosynthesis and phytohormone activity were validated using qRT-PCR, 8 of which were up-regulated in low seed shattering genotype ZhN03, suggesting these genes may be associated with reduction of seed shattering. The expression data generated in this study provides an important resource for future molecular biological research in E. sibiricus.

链接:http://rdcu.be/rv26

全文:Xie WG-BMC Plant Biology-2017.pdf

 

 

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