学院简介

【来源:草地农业科技学院 | 发布日期:2017-10-17 | 作者:办公室 】    

兰州大学草地农业科技学院前身为1981年任继周院士创办的甘肃省草原生态研究所,20015月加挂中国农业科学院草原生态研究所牌子,20024月整体并入兰州大学成立草地农业科技学院。甘肃省草原生态研究所和中国农业科学院草原生态研究所的名称继续使用。在全国36所设有草业科学专业的高校中,该院是唯一进入“211”和“985”工程学科建设的学院。2017年,草学学科入选国家“双一流”学科建设名单。

学院以草业科学领域基础研究和应用研究为主,同时强化科研成果的转化,主要设以下研究方向:一、草地农业生态系统学,主要研究草地农业生态系统的结构与功能,演化与调控,管理专家系统等。二、草地资源管理与遥感监测,主要研究草原演替与分类,天然草地的放牧管理、培育改良,退化草地恢复,草地资源调查与监测,牧区自然灾害预测预报等。三、栽培草地管理,主要研究草地混播组合,牧草优质高产栽培,草田轮作等。四、草类植物保护学,主要包括草地毒害草、鼠、虫、病害等的生态防治,微生物—牧草—家畜互作等。五、草类植物逆境生理与分子生物学,主要研究草类植物适应我国西部高海拔、低温、干旱、盐渍化等环境的生理与分子机制,筛选、转化功能基因。六、草类植物育种与种子学,主要面向我国寒、旱、高海拔、盐渍化区域,培育高抗优质高产牧草和乡土草新品种,研究草类植物种子的特征、生理功能和生命活动规律,种子加工、贮藏、质量检验等。七、草原生态化学,主要研究草业系统在农业管理措施下的物质和能量运动规律,探索其使用效率提升的机理与途径。八、反刍动物营养与饲料科学,主要包括草畜界面生态,青藏高原反刍动物营养,草类饲料资源开发与畜产品安全,反刍动物分子营养与生物技术。九、草坪学,主要研究草坪绿地和运动场设计、建造与管护,草坪草、乡土草与草坪生理生态等。十、草业经济学,主要研究草业系统的经济特征,草畜贸易,农牧区社会、政策,农牧民生产决策行为,动物伦理,草业科学史等。

学院现有草业科学仅有的2位中国工程院院士,“973”项目首席科学家1人,“长江学者奖励计划”讲座教授1人,国务院学位委员会学科评议组成员2人,国家百千万人才2人,享受政府特殊津贴5人,优秀青年基金获得者2人,教育部新世纪优秀人才6人,甘肃飞天青年学者1人,教授23人(一级教授2人、二级教授6人)、副教授28人、讲师19人;博士生导师21人(兼职4人),硕士生导师52人(兼职10人);萃英讲席教授10人、客座教授22人、兼职教授42人。教师队伍中博士学位获得者达91%出国工作、学习一年以上的占71.4 %;有4人在国际学术组织任职,5人次任SCI期刊编委。

拥有我国草业科学目前唯一的草地农业生态系统国家重点实验室,草地农业生态国际联合研究中心、国家“111”草地农业创新引智基地。设有中国工程院和兰州大学共建的“中国草业发展战略研究中心”、农业部草牧业创新重点实验室、草业科学国家级实验教学示范中心、农业部牧草与草坪草种子质量监督检验测试中心、草地农业教育部工程研究中心等科技平台和庆阳黄土高原试验站、景泰草地农业试验站、临泽草地生态试验站等15个野外观测站和示范基地。

近五年,承担各类科研项目155项,承担国家、省部重大重点项目24项,包括国家“973”项目2项,“863”课题2项,科技支撑课题5项,成果转化项目1项,国家自然科学基金重点项目1项,国际合作项目6项。主持的项目获国家科技进步二等奖1项,这是学院主持的第4个国家科技进步奖项目,也是我国草学界第11个获奖项目;同时,获甘肃省自然科学一等奖1项、省科技进步一等奖1项、三等奖1项;获国家发明专利41项、实用新型专利34项、计算机软件著作权9项;育成“兰箭3号春箭筈豌豆”品种并通过国家审定;出版著作7部,发表论文728篇,其中SCI期刊论文114篇。2010年以本学科为主的兰州大学农学类论文被SCI收录数排名全国高校第17

设有草学博士后科研流动站,草学、畜牧学一级学科博士点,动物营养与饲料科学二级学科博士点,作物学、植物保护学一级学科硕士点,草业地理信息学、草地营养生物学、草坪生物学和农业经济管理学二级学科硕士点,草业和农村与区域发展农业推广硕士专业学位授予点和草业科学、农林经济管理本科专业,草业科学为省级重点学科和甘肃省研究与人才培养基地,已形成了支撑草业科学发展的完整学科群。

获得我国草业科学唯一的国家教学成果特等奖和全国优秀博士学位论文,是两支草业科学专业国家教学团队之一,承担草业科学领域六门全国国家级精品课程中的2门,以及省级精品课程3门,国家级特色专业建设点和本科教学质量工程项目2项。在2012年教育部组织的一级学科评审中,“草学”一级学科全国排名第1

学院与澳大利亚、美国和新西兰等10多个国家的科研机构、高校和公司签署了合作办学协议,广泛开展国际科技合作与学术交流。有我国草业科学唯一的国家“111”草地农业创新引智基地。新西兰梅西大学出资设立了任继周教授奖学金,用于鼓励两国学生、学者的交流。学院1名外国合作专家获得国家国际科技合作奖,2名特聘外国专家获中国政府“友谊奖”。

主办的《草业学报》和《草业科学》,均为中文核心期刊、中国科学引文数据库核心期刊和国际CABI源刊,影响因子在全国2341种科技期刊分别排名第4和第342,在草原类期刊分别排名第1和第2。《草业学报》连续12年荣获“百种中国杰出学术期刊”。(201711月8日更新)

 

Overview

College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University

The College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology (CPAST) at Lanzhou University originated from the Gansu Grassland Ecological Research Institute (GGERI) founded in 1981 by Professor Jizhou Ren, who is the member of Chinese Academy of Engineering. The name of “Grassland Ecological Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences” also came to use since May 2001. In April 2002, GGERI as a whole was merged into Lanzhou University and CPAST was established. The names of “Gansu Grassland Ecological Research Institute” and “Grassland Ecological Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences” remain in use. Among the colleges in the 36 universities that offer grassland sciences programs in the nation, CPAST is the only one sponsored by both “211” and “985” construction projects.

CPAST is focused on the fundamental and applied research in the area of grassland sciences, and puts emphasis on the application of scientific research achievements. Graduate research is organized into the following areas:

1. Grassland agroecosystems. The main purpose of this research is to investigate the structure and function, evolution and regulation of grassland agroecosystems, and management expert systems.

2. Grassland resource management and remote sensing monitoring. The major goal is to study the succession and classification of grasslands, grazing management, cultivation and improvement of natural grasslands, restoration of degraded grasslands, survey and monitoring of grassland resources, as well as forecast and prediction of natural disasters in pasture areas.

3.Cultivated grassland management. It comprises the optimal combinations of mixed sowing grassland, high yield and quality cultivation techniques for forage productionand crop- forage rotation, etc.

4. Grassland plant protection. This subject is focused on exploring the ecological control of poisonous plants, weeds, major pests and diseases on grasslands, and interactions of microorganisms, forage and livestock.

5. Grassland plant stress physiology and molecular biology. The work is to reveal the physiology and molecular mechanism of grassland plants adapted to the environment with high altitude, low temperature, drought, and high soil salinity in western China, and screen and transform functional genes.

6. Grassland plant breeding and seed sciences. The objective is to breed forages with high stress tolerance and high quality and yield, and new varieties of native forage species for those cold, dry, alpine and saline regions, and to investigate the feature, physiological functions and principles of life activities of grassland plant seeds, seed processing, storage and quality controls.

7. Grassland eco-chemistry. The aim is to discover the motion law of substance and energy in pastoral agriculture system under agricultural management, and to probe the mechanisms and routes for efficiency improvement.

8. Ruminant nutrition and feed sciences. This area includes primarily the grassland-livestock interface ecology, nutritional status of ruminants on the Tibetan Plateau, exploration of grassland feed resources and livestock product safety, molecular nutrition and biotechnology for ruminants.

9. Turfgrass sciences. The target is to design and constructas well as manage and protect turfgrass for green spaces and sports fields, and to study turf grass, native species, and physiological ecology of turfgrass.

10. Grassland agriculture economics. The purpose is to examine the economic features of grassland agriculture system, forage-livestock trade, societies and polices in the cropping and pastoral transitional areas, farmers and herdsmen’s production and decision-making behaviors, animal ethics, and scientific history of grassland agriculture, etc.

The faculty members in CPAST include two members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in grassland sciences, a chief scientist of the National Basic Research Program of China (“973” Program), two members of the Academic Council of Academic Degree Committee of the State Counciltwo members of the National Top Hundred, Thousand and Ten Thousand Talent Project, five senior experts with the State Council Special Allowance, one member supported by the National Outstanding Youth Foundation of Chinafive members supported by the New Century Excellent Talents program of Ministry of Education, 22 professors25 associate professors, 16 lecturers, eight Tsuiying Distinguished Professors, twenty-one Tsuiying Distinguished Chair Professorsthirty-nine Adjunct Professors; 21doctoral supervisors (4 adjunct faculty) and 52 master supervisors (10 adjunct faculty). Over 89.2% of the faculty members hold Ph.D. degrees, and 71.4% have studied or worked overseas for more than one year. Four professors hold positions in international academic organizations, and served five times on editorial boards of journals included in the Science Citation Index (SCI).

The State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agroecosystems, now under construction in CPAST, is the only state key laboratory in the area of grassland sciences in China. In addition, CPAST has five other research platforms including the Key Laboratory of Grassland Agroecosystems sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, the Forage and Turfgrass Seed Quality Supervision and Testing Center (Lanzhou) sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, the Grassland Agriculture Engineering Center sponsored by the Ministry of Education, and the Western Pastoral Engineering Research Center sponsored by Gansu Province. Besides, CPAST operates 15 field stations and demonstration sites, such as the Qingyang Loess Plateau Grassland Farming Systems Experimental Station and the Linze Grassland Ecological Experimental Station.

Over the past five years, CPAST has undertaken 155 research projects, 24 of which are national or provincial key projects, including the first “973” program hosted by Lanzhou University, and in the field of herbage science discipline in China, “The fundamental research on inheritance and breeding of forage and native grasses in western China”, two projects of “973” program, two projects of National High-tech Research and Development Program of China (“863” Program), five National Key Technologies R&D Programs, an Agricultural Research Achievements Application Project, a key program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, and six international collaboration projects. CPAST has received a second prize of the State Scientific and Technological Progress Award, which is the 4th State Scientific and Technological Progress Award received by this college. Additionally, CPAST was a first-place winner of the Gansu Provincial Natural Science Award, a first- and a third-place winner of the Gansu Provincial Scientific and Technological Progress Award, and owns forty-one invention patents, thirty-four utility model patents and nine computer software copyrights. The new Vicia sativa L. Three cultivars were successfully approved by the National Crop Variety Examination Committee. In the past five years, CPAST faculty members have published 7 books and 728 scientific papers, 114 of which were published on journals included in the SCI, which ranked Lanzhou University top 17 in the field of agricultural sciences among universities in China in 2010.

CPAST has a complete educational and research system that includes one post-doctoral research center for grassland sciences, two PhD programs in grassland sciences, animal husbandry, and animal nutrition and feed sciences, 10 master programs in crop science, plant protection, grassland geographic information system, grassland plant nutrition biology, turfgrass biology, and agricultural economics and management, etc. The college also offers two agricultural extension master programs, two undergraduate programs in grassland sciences and agricultural economics and management. As the provincial key discipline and educational base, the grassland sciences subject in CPAST has derivatized comprehensive sub-disciplines to support the development of this research area.

Due to the excellent performance in education, CPAST has received the sole outstanding prize of National Teaching Award in the filed of grassland sciences, and one doctoral dissertation was awarded Top 100 National Excellent Doctoral Dissertations. The teaching group evaluated as National Level Teaching Team in Grassland Science is in charge of two National Excellent Courses, two Provincial Excellent Courses, one National Level Featured Program Construction Project, and one Undergraduate Teaching Quality Project. In 2008, the animal husbandry discipline in CPAST was ranked number 4 nationally by the Chinese Ministry of Education. In 2012, Grassland Science in CPAST ranked first in the first level discipline review organized by the Chinese Ministry of Education.

A series of agreements on international educational exchange and scientific research collaboration were signed between CPAST and many research institutes, universities and corporations in over 10 countries such as Australia, the United States and New Zealand. Meanwhile, CPAST has built the first base for Introduction of Foreign Intellectual Resources Project (“111” Project) in the field of grassland sciences. The Professor Jizhou Ren Scholarship was funded by Massey University in New Zealand to encourage the exchange of visiting students and scholars between the two countries. One foreign expert won the International Science and Technology Cooperation Award of the People’s Republic of China. Two distinguished foreign experts have received the “Friendship Award” from the Chinese central government.

CPAST hosts two academic journals, Acata Prataculturae Sinica and Pratacultural Science, both of which are core journals in the Chinese Science Citation Database and source journals of CAB International. The impact factors of the two journals are currently ranked top 4 and 342, respectively, among 2341 scientific journals in China. Acata Prataculturae Sinica and Pratacultural Science rank first and second among the grassland science journals, respectively. In addition, Acata Prataculturae Sinica has been awarded “Top 100 Outstanding Academic Journals of China” for nine years in a row. (2016.10.26)

 

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